Apple is not the only fruit that can keep the doctor away! Lemons, oranges, mandarins, limes, and other citrus fruits are just as potent health-boosters, with a myriad of different benefits.
Citrus fruits are ideal for anyone looking to improve their diet, body weight, and overall well-being.
The citrus consumption statistics listed in this article follow the latest information on the global citrus fruits market, industry, and consumer demand.
We also compiled a few interesting facts that explore the health benefits that make these fruits an ideal dietary choice.
Top 10 Stats and Facts About Citrus Fruits
- There are over 100 different types of citrus fruits around the world.
- The orange has around 600 different varieties worldwide.
- Brazil, the US, and China are among the largest citrus fruit producers in the world.
- According to facts on citrus trees, a single lemon tree can produce up to 600 pounds of fruit a year.
- In 2018, the consumption of citrus fruits in the US was at around 23.95 pounds per capita.
- In 2020, global orange production declined by 7.8 million tons compared to the previous year.
- With 20.16 million metric tons produced for the 2018/2019 season, Brazil is the world’s largest orange producer.
- Citrus fruits are great low-calorie options for those who want to eat healthily and maintain an ideal weight.
- The citrus industry contributes millions to US state economies.
- Including clementines in your diet may boost skin health.
Essential Facts About Citrus
1. Citrus fruit is a modified berry called a hesperidium.
Here’s one of the many interesting citrus facts: The fruit itself consists of around 8–16 carpels that form its core.
Also, carpels can form the segments containing the fruit seeds and juice. The outer hard rind is also a well-known characteristic of citrus fruits.
2. There are over 100 different types of citrus fruits around the world.
Mainly every citrus fruit we grow at home or buy in stores is a variant (hybrid) of three natural citrus fruits—mandarin orange, citron, and pomelo.
Citrus is the botanical name for the genus of all fruits that are referred to as citrus fruits. However, oranges, limes, lemons, and grapefruits belong to the Rutaceae family.
3. There are around 600 different orange varieties worldwide.
When it comes to this citrus fruit, facts show that the orange is one of the most popular fruits in the world, with global consumption reaching around 75 million tons in 2017.
4. There are around 15 different types of limes.
The most popular varieties are Mexican lime, Key lime, Tahiti lime, and Bearss lime.
5. A single lemon tree can produce up to 600 pounds of fruit per year.
Their lifespan is around 50 years, but they can also live for over 100 years. Also, these trees are evergreen, which means that they can produce fruit all year round.
6. Brazil, the US, and China are among the largest citrus fruit producers in the world.
According to the USDA’s citrus industry market report and the forecast charts from recent and upcoming years, the most prominent citrus producers are Mexico, the European Union, and Egypt.
Citrus Consumption Statistics
7. In regards to consumption, oranges are the most popular citrus fruit around the globe.
According to data gathered by Statista, oranges are the most popular and widely used citrus fruits in the world, with an annual production volume of 75.54 million metric tons.
8. In the US, the consumption of citrus fruits was at around 23.95 pounds per capita in 2018.
These statistics refer to the annual consumption of fresh citrus fruits from the period between 2000–2018.
According to their data, the lowest consumption amount was around 17.94 pounds in 2007, while the US citrus consumption figures were the highest in 2016, with an average of 24.07 pounds.
9. In 2020, global orange production declined by 7.8 million tons compared to the previous year.
When looking at statistics in regards to orange consumption by country, the latest data suggests that in Brazil—one of the world’s largest citrus fruit producers—fresh orange consumption declined to 4.9 million tons.
In Mexico, fresh orange production is expected to drop by one-third in the foreseeable future as well.
10. In 2016, the global citrus production was estimated at 124,246 thousand tons.
Looking at citrus production by country, China was the largest player on the global scene, with 32,705.9 thousand tons.
11. In 2018, Spanish households consumed around 2.4 billion pounds of oranges, lemons, and mandarins.
The citrus consumption statistics for the period 2011–2018 reveal that citrus consumption was the lowest in 2018 and the highest in 2013 (2.8 billion pounds).
12. Brazil is the world’s largest producer of oranges, with 20.16 million metric tons produced in the season 2018/2019.
Other heavy-hitters include China, the United States, and Mexico.
Citrus Consumption Demographics
13. Women make up 59.2% of the Italian citrus consumers.
The latest citrus consumption facts—based on a survey of 346 people—reveal that women are the dominant gender when it comes to citrus consumption in Italy.
14. Middle-aged citizens buy the most citrus fruits in Italy.
According to a report published in March 2020, the largest group that regularly shops for citrus fruits is the 46–60 age group (38.7%).
Following them are those aged between 30–45, with 30.1%. Around 21.1% of buyers are aged between 28–30, while seniors over 60 make up only 10.1% of the buyers.
15. In Italy, 31.2% of the families who regularly shop for citrus fruits have 4 members.
The citrus fruit consumption statistics for Italy state that the average monthly income of citrus fruit buyers falls between $2350–$4700 (24,3%), and most of the shoppers have a masters’ degree (47.1%).
16. Citrus fruits are an essential part of children’s diets in the US.
The 2011 National Health and Nutrition Survey includes data gathered from 3129 children aged 2–19. It found that nearly 90% of the total intake of fruits comes from fresh fruits and fruit juices—53% and 34%, respectively.
Citrus juice, apple juice, bananas, and apples were the most popular food items, making up almost half of the total food consumption.
Citrus Fruit Nutritional Facts
17. Citrus fruits contain a myriad of healthy nutrients and compounds.
On average, citrus fruits contain lots of fiber, potassium, calcium, vitamin C, niacin, thiamin, phosphorus, vitamin B6, copper, magnesium, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, and several phytochemicals.
18. Oranges are excellent sources of different minerals and vitamins.
When it comes to the orange, nutrition facts reveal it has plenty of different compounds that significantly benefit your health and improve your quality of life.
For instance, one larger orange can provide a grown adult with 100% of the recommended intake of vitamin C.
Oranges also make a fine potassium-source. A higher intake of this compound can reduce the risk of heart disease and help those who struggle with high blood pressure.
Nutrition information for a single medium-sized orange (100 g)
19. Citrus fruits are a great low-calorie option for those who want to eat healthily and maintain a healthy weight.
(National Agricultural Library, Hale Groves)
Citrus fruit is low in calories, with less than 100 kcal per fruit. For example, an average navel orange will have around 87 calories.
All citrus fruits are excellent sources of fiber and carbs. Not to mention, they are low in cholesterol, sodium, and fat as well.
20. Grapefruit may promote appetite control.
One half of a medium-sized grapefruit contains around two grams of fiber. Studies have shown that high-fiber diets can induce a feeling of fullness because they increase digestion time.
Higher amounts of fiber may help you consume fewer calories and still keep you satiated.
The grapefruit benefits us in more ways than one. Namely, because it’s rich in vitamin C, consuming the fruit regularly may also be highly beneficial for your immune system.
Vitamin C is renowned for its antioxidant properties that can protect the body’s cells from harmful viruses and bacteria.
Nutrition information for a single large grapefruit (500 grams)
21. Including clementines in your diet may boost skin health.
The clementine enhances nutrition and diet in a variety of ways. Clementines are low in calories (a single average clementine packs only 35 calories), and they provide you with 40% of the daily recommended vitamin C intake.
The high vitamin C content can be held responsible for clementine’s skin health-boosting properties as well.
As the human skin naturally contains high levels of the vitamin (used for collagen production), fueling your body with enough vitamin C can ensure optimal collagen production.
22. Citrus peel has 9% of the RDI of vitamin C.
Citrus peel nutrition facts are quite promising for people who want to lead a healthier life. For instance, one tablespoon of lemon peel only has 3 calories, 1 gram of fiber, and 9% of the recommended daily vitamin C intake.
23. Oranges can lower cholesterol, prevent skin damage, and keep blood pressure in check.
(VeryWellFit, Times of India)
Oranges are known to alkalize the body. Even though they are somewhat acidic, oranges contain a fair amount of alkaline minerals that support digestion.
The number of calories in an orange serving is also pretty low, with an average sized-orange packing only 62 calories. This makes them the ideal healthy food for most.
24. Oranges contain a compound called D-limonene that may help in preventing lung, breast, and skin cancer.
(Times of India)
The fibers and high vitamin C content found in oranges are also known to help boost the body’s immunity and thus help fight or even prevent cancer.
The benefits of oranges don’t stop here.
Namely, they’re a great source of carotenoids and vitamin A, which play a pronounced role in keeping your eyes healthy and preventing macular degeneration.
Citrus Fruit Consumption: Statistics on the State of the Industry
25. The global production of oranges for the season 2019/2020 is expected to decline by 7.8 million metric tons.
(US Department of Agriculture)
When taking a closer look at the world citrus production, statistics for 2019 and 2020 show that China’s production will rise to 7,3 million tons, while Mexico will have to deal with a fall of 45% by the end of the season.
The culprit behind the decreased production volume is unfavorable weather.
26. The latest citrus market analysis forecasts a global decrease in the production of oranges of 7.3 million metric tons.
(US Department of Agriculture)
This fall affects both small and large producers. The US production volume is also expected to drop by 5%, while the EU will experience a 9% decrease in production by the end of the season.
Egypt, Morocco, and Turkey will also experience slight drops in their seasonal orange production volumes, while only South Africa is expected to remain at 1.6 million tons.
27. America, Russia, and Europe were the largest lemon importers in the world in 2016.
In 2016, the overall global import totaled around 3,101 thousand tons, translating to a total value of $3.730 million.
When looking at lemon consumption by country, the largest importers were the US, with 654 thousand tons, the Netherlands, with 198 thousand tons, and Russia, with 192 thousand tons.
28. California was the largest citrus-producing state in the season 2017/2018, accounting for nearly 51% of the US production volume.
(US Department of Agriculture)
In that season, utilized citrus production was up by 31%, and it totaled 7.94 million tons.
When it comes to citrus production by state, Florida was the second-largest producer, with a total of 44%, while Texas and Arizona share the remaining 5% of the total production volume.
29. The citrus industry contributes millions to state economies in the US.
(FL Citrus Mutual, Citrus Research)
In the season 2018/2019, Florida’s citrus production had an impact of around $8.5 billion on employment and taxes, thus providing around 45.000 full- and part-time citrus industry jobs.
Conversely, the Californian citrus industry had an economic impact of $7.21 billion in 2016, adding $1.695 billion to the state GDP.
The number of full-time jobs in the industry in the season 2016/2017 was 21,675, and the estimated wages that were paid in the same season reached a staggering $452 million.
Experts estimate that a 20% reduction in acreage in the state’s citrus plantations would cause losses of $127 million in income and around 7,350 jobs, and it would decrease the state’s GDP by around $501 million.
How many calories are in an orange?
A medium orange has approximately 62 calories, 0.16 g of fat, no sodium, 3.1 g of fiber, 15.4 g of carbohydrates, 1.2 g of protein, 69.7 mg of vitamin C, and 12.2 g of sugars.
How many calories are in orange juice?
According to the USDA, a cup of orange juice has approximately 110 calories, no fat, 9.6 mg of sodium, 27 g of carbohydrates, 0.69 g of fiber, 20 g of sugars, and 2 g of protein.
Be aware that these are just approximate values, and that different brands will probably have different amounts of the same nutrients.
How much citrus should you eat?
Generally speaking, the food pyramid recommends eating around three to four servings of fruits each day. However, that’s more of a guideline than the rule. Fruit intake generally varies based on the individual health goals and needs of consumers.
People mostly consume citrus fruits to boost their vitamin C intake. Although vitamin C has very low toxicity, it can cause indigestion problems, and it may even lead to iron poisoning and iron overload disorder in rare cases.
The US Academy of Sciences recommends adults to take around 60–95 milligrams of vitamin C daily.
That being said, a single orange fruit contains about 45 milligrams of the vitamin, while a single grapefruit has around 33 milligrams. With the consumption of such citrus fruits as sources of vitamin C, one or two servings may be enough.
What happens if you eat too much citrus fruit?
While citrus fruits boast a large number of health benefits, moderation is still the key when it comes to their consumption. For example, consuming too many oranges can have adverse side effects.
High amounts of fiber can cause abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Moreover, excess orange consumption may contribute to weight gain (even though oranges are relatively quite low in calories).
Most of the unwanted side effects probably come from the large quantities of vitamin C found in the fruit. Taking more than 2,000 mg a day can lead to nausea, heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, insomnia, headaches, and cramps.
Which country produces the most citrus fruit?
In 2016, China was the largest producer of citrus fruits in the world. The country produced 32,705.9 thousand tons of citrus fruits in that year alone.
How many oranges are consumed in the US each year?
Each American consumes around 13.6 pounds of oranges at home each year.
Conversely, orange juice consumption at home, on average, amounted to around 64.1 pounds.
Can you eat citrus fruit every day?
Doctors and dietitians agree that eating at least one serving of citrus fruit a day can benefit your health greatly. Oranges, mandarins, lemon, lime, and grapefruit are all great options.
However, for instance, grapefruit consumption can raise concerns if you are also taking medications like statins that are used to reduce the risk of heart disease.
In such cases, it’s best to read the leaflet given with the medication to see whether grapefruits get a green light or no.
Also, the excess amount of vitamin C coming from citrus fruit overconsumption can cause problems such as vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea.
What is the most commonly used citrus fruit?
In 2018, oranges were the most widely produced of all citrus fruits, with an estimated 75.54 metric tons produced globally.
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, and satsumas came in second among citrus fruits, with an annual production of 34.39 metric tons.
According to the same citrus fruit consumption statistics, lemon and lime was the third that year, with a production volume of 19.39 metric tons.
Which country consumes the most oranges?
Brazil’s consumption volume was 17.8 million metric tons back in 2018, and the demand for fresh oranges is growing.
The domestic consumption became a large driving force in Brazil’s orange production industry, with around 30% of the overall production volume consumed by the country’s population each year.
The citrus industry is a market segment that provides a large number of jobs around the world and the opportunity for people worldwide to make healthier food choices.
Citrus fruits are low-calorie superfoods that help boost the immune system and protect from health problems and diseases. They are perfect for those who like delicious food but still want to keep their calorie intake low.
The industry itself faces an increased demand as the world’s population grows, and people are becoming more aware of the benefits of consuming citrus fruits.
These citrus consumption statistics can give you an idea of where the market is right now and where it’s headed in the foreseeable future.
- Hale Groves
- Hale Groves
- Leafy Place
- Leafy Place
- Mayo Clinic
- National Agricultural Library