Regardless of what type you prefer, just one glass of wine is bound to make you more relaxed and appreciative of the smaller things in life.
The art of wine production is not an easy one, and countries all over the world work hard to give you the highest-quality glass of the drink you love so much.
In this article, you will learn about wine and its history, all in the hopes of making you appreciate this powerful drink even more.
Top 10 Wine Statistics and Facts
- The oldest winery in the world is located in a cave in Armenia.
- There is a widely accepted formula for wine tasting that anyone can learn.
- Red wine is highly beneficial for heart health.
- Italy was the leading wine exporter worldwide in 2019.
- Wine industry statistics show that California wine sales amounted to 40.2 billion US dollars in 2018.
- Red wine can lower cardiometabolic risk in those with type 2 diabetes.
- Drinking wine in moderation is associated with a lower risk of depression.
- Cape Town has one of the oldest wine tourism traditions—they opened their doors in 1990.
- 68.9% questioned wineries list improved image as the number one benefit they gain from wine tourism.
- 68.9% of wineries say they improved their brand image through wine tourism.
General Wine Statistics
1. The oldest winery in the world is located in a cave in Armenia.
(The Vintage News)
Even though we have evidence of people drinking wine 6100 years ago, this is the oldest actual winery discovered so far. While exploring, researchers found a grape press, fermentation jars, a cup, and a drinking bowl.
2. One of the lesser-known wine facts is that there’s a widely accepted formula for wine tasting, and anyone can learn it.
Sommeliers know what they’re talking about because they know how to evaluate wine. It’s a practiced skill, but you can start by examining the conditions you’re in before tasting. For example, it’s harder to concentrate when it’s noisy and crowded around you. First, you should evaluate wine by sight, and afterward, by smell.
3. Decanting an old bottle of wine may help get rid of sediment and make wine consumption more enjoyable.
Decanting is the process of pouring wine from one bottle into another. This is very useful for older wines, as you won’t get any built-up sediment in your glass, so your wine will taste much nicer. Furthermore, the oxidation that happens during the process helps release aromas and allows you to better taste what you’re drinking.
4. Facts about wine reveal that wine doesn’t expire, but it can become corked.
The chemical compound TCA can be found in corks and is potentially dangerous to your wine. It’s very easy for corks to come in contact with chlorides found in bleach and taint the wine. You’ll know your wine is tainted if it smells like wet cardboard.
5. Damascenone—a compound found in grapes—enhances the flavor of some wine types.
In fact, this compound contributes to many different aromas found in wine. These include floral aromas, tea, dry plum, caramel, dark berries, honey, and fruit. Damascenone increases in shades instead of in the sun, as people often assume.
Global Wine Industry Statistics
6. California wine sales amounted to $40.2 billion in 2018.
The Californian wine market has been steadily growing for years, with its high-quality wines becoming increasingly popular. The lowest retail value was $26 billion in 2007, but it made a jump to $30.7 billion just two years later.
7. California wine statistics show that California is the United States’ wine capital, with an impressive 4.613 wineries under its belt.
Washington is in second place, with 812, and Oregon isn’t too far behind, with 809 wineries. New York’s count is just an eleventh of California’s, as the state has only 411 wineries. Moreover, Colorado is the state with the lowest number of wineries, as it only counts 150.
8. In France, men consume more wine than women, 74.7% vs. 60.5%.
What makes this one of the more fascinating French wine facts is that 2015 wasn’t the only year when men consumed more wine than women in France. In 1980, 90.8% and 73.4% of men and women consumed wine, respectively. In the year 2000, these numbers equated to 76.1% for men and 59.2% for women.
9. When it comes to wine production in France, this country produced 48 million hectoliters of wine in 2017.
Wine consumption per capita for the same year amounted to 40 liters, so it’s no surprise France produced so much. In just the next year, wine production value was an estimated 15 billion euros.
10. Australia made 2.57 billion AUD from exporting wine in 2018, according to interesting Australian wine facts.
Based on volume, the leading country for Australian wine exports in 2017 was the United Kingdom. Based on value, this title goes to China. The leading wine exporter changed in 2019 when the title went to Italy.
11. Wine companies in Argentina produced 8.4 million hectoliters of wine in 2018.
In 2018, Argentina produced 1.5 million hectoliters of colored wine and 321 hectoliters of white wine. The most-produced red wine was Malbec, while the most-produced white wine variety was Torrontés Riojano.
12. Italy shared first place with Argentina as the leading wine-producing country in Europe in 2018.
Wine consumption statistics show that Italy was also first in consuming the most wine worldwide in 2019. When you take into account that the total cultivated area for grape harvest was 621.92 thousand hectares in 2016, it’s no surprise Italy led the world in the production and consumption of wine in later years.
13. Wine sales statistics show that Italy was the leading wine exporter worldwide in 2019, with 21.6 million hectoliters in volume.
Spain wasn’t too far behind, with 21.3 million hectoliters, while France was in distant third place, with 14.2 million. New Zealand was in the last place, with just 2.6 million, just below Argentina, that exported 2.7 million hectoliters of wine in 2019. The US exported 3.6 million hectoliters of wine, making it only to seventh place.
Common Risks and Health Benefits of Drinking Wine
14. Red wine is rich in antioxidants.
Antioxidants are essential for all human beings, as they reduce damage caused by oxidative stress and inflammation. Drinking red wine can increase your antioxidant levels, regardless of your age. In turn, this protects your lipid systems with circulation. Not only that, but you are also protected from oxidative stress.
15. According to wine nutrition facts, this alcoholic drink can help improve gut health.
Because red wine and grapes have polyphenols, they’re able to increase the number of good bacteria in the gut. Consequently, the compounds and bacteria in the stomach may work together to improve your stomach health.
16. Red wine is highly beneficial for heart health.
Resveratrol is present in red wine and grapes and can be beneficial for hypertension, stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and atherosclerosis. In fact, the component has even been used as a supplement for improving cardiovascular health.
17. Red wine can lower cardiometabolic risk in those who have type 2 diabetes.
(Annals of Internal Medicine)
The study dealt with three groups, two of which drank red wine, while one had water. The red wine facts derived from the research revealed no significant distinctions in adiposity, blood pressure, liver function, or quality of life between the three groups. However, along with a lowered cardiometabolic risk, moderate drinking of wine also proved to improve the quality of sleep in both groups.
18. One of the popular red wine myths is that red wine lowers the risk of cancer.
Even though this is a common myth, no association has been found between a lowered risk of cancer and moderate wine drinking. In fact, alcoholic beverages, wine included, may be exposed to carcinogenic components during production and fermentation, thus increasing the risk of cancer, especially for heavy drinkers.
19. One of the interesting facts about wine is that drinking it lowers the risk of depression.
Wine does make you happy even if it doesn’t cure cancer, and drinking two to seven glasses per week can lower your risk of incident depression. However, those who drink more than the recommended amount may develop a higher risk for the same illness.
Wine Tourism Statistics
20. More males than females opt for wine tourism.
(Great Wine Capitals)
Although you may expect women to be more into wine tourism than men, the male prevalence is obvious. As far as consumers’ age is concerned, most of them fall under the 36 to 55 age group. Moreover, those aged between 18 and 35 rarely visit wineries.
21. Cape Town has one of the oldest wine tourism traditions; it opened its doors in 1990.
(Great Wine Capitals)
One of the most unsurprising wine facts is that Bordeaux realized the huge potential of wine tourism early on, as it started its activities in 1990. Napa, Porto, and Mainz opened their doors to tourists around 1995, while Bilbao-Rioja and Florence did so between 1995 and 2000. Mendoza was the last on the list to start their wine tourism activities.
22. Wine stats reveal that 70.4% of tourists prefer visiting wine countries in the summer months.
(Great Wine Capitals)
Around 8.3% prefer visiting wine countries during spring, while 15.3% do so in the fall. Winter is reasonably the least favorite season for wine tourism, with only 2.7% of visitors choosing to tour wine countries during this season. To 3.4% of tourists, seasons are not important when it comes to visiting wine countries.
23. Wine tourism increases the overall wine industry value, with 68.9% of wineries claiming it improved their brand image.
(Great Wine Capitals)
Around 61.9% of wineries say wine tourism increases their revenues, while 53.8% say it helps them with brand positioning. Some 52.8% feel wine tourism helps the tourism industry in their community, while 35.6% feel like it opens up employment opportunities.
24. 68% promote their tourism services by handing their information to tourist information offices.
(Great Wine Capitals)
However, according to wine tasting facts, 63.7% prefer the hands-on approach, so they host wine-tasting events to show tourists a glimpse of what they’ll be getting. Around 52.2% said they participate in wine fairs to boost promotions, while 41.2% use social media marketing.
25. One of the fun facts about wine companies is that 83.1% of them offer wine tasting events as part of their services.
(Great Wine Capitals)
Moreover, 74.9% offer guided visits, while 39.9% include restaurants into the package. Around 17.1% say they regularly host exhibitions, and 20.3% enhance the entertainment factor by hosting cultural, social, and sports activities.
Why does wine not have nutrition facts?
Even though wine is full of calories—much like any other drink—you’ll never find nutritional facts printed on bottles. The reason behind this is historical. After the prohibition ended, the majority of alcoholic beverages, including wine, fell under the jurisdiction of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Bureau. Unlike the FDA, the TTB doesn’t require nutrition labels and never has.
What is the most popular type of wine?
Research has shown that Americans enjoy red wine the most, with 69% listing it as their preference. Merlot is the most popular type of red wine, supported by the fact 19% listed it as their favorite. Cabernet sauvignon is a close second with 18%, and pinot noir is in third place with 12%.
How many types of wine are there?
There are many different types of wine out there, but there are three main categories you can use for orientation: red, white, and rose, which can be both sparkling and fortified. Red wines have a dark fruit flavor, while whites are more citrusy and refreshing. Rose is perfect for summer days, sparkling wine is served during events, and fortified wines are best after meals.
How many grapes are in a bottle of wine?
Believe it or not, it takes between 400 and 500 grapes for a single bottle of wine. An average vine will typically produce around ten bottles of wine.
These wine statistics and facts are just the tip of the iceberg. After all, when you’ve got a drink with such a long history, it’s impossible to capture its whole essence in just one article. Still, you’re now equipped with valuable knowledge about one of the world’s most popular drinks and will be able to appreciate your next glass on a whole new level.